ARTICLE I: Name
The name of the organization shall be The Southwestern Surgical Congress. It shall be incorporated as a non-profit organization under the laws of the state of Oklahoma unless otherwise directed by action of the members of the Congress. It shall have no capital stock or shareholders.
ARTICLE II: Mission Statement
The Southwestern Surgical Congress is an organization that promotes the advancement of General Surgery by representing the interests of academic, community and rural surgeons, surgical residents and medical students through education, advocacy, research and innovation. The goal of the Congress is to promote excellence in patient care and professional development.
ARTICLE III: Members
The members shall be known as Fellows of The Southwestern Surgical Congress. They shall be reputable surgeons and allied specialists residing in the states comprising this Congress, and other areas as approved by the Council of the Congress. Physicians shall be elected to membership according to the Constitution and these Bylaws. When the membership of any Fellow in the Congress terminates by resignation, death, or any other manner, all of his or her rights and privileges in the Congress terminate. None of the assets or privileges may be used to benefit such person or the representatives of his or her estate.
ARTICLE IV: Council
There shall be an Executive Committee of the Council composed of the President, the President-Elect, the Secretary-Treasurer, the Vice-President, the Recorder and the two most recent Past Presidents of the Congress.
There shall be a Council of the Congress consisting of the President, President-Elect, Vice-President, Secretary-Treasurer, Recorder, the two most recent Past Presidents, Chairman of the Program Committee, Associate Fellow Representative and all councilors from each of the states comprising the Congress area. State Councilors and the Associate Fellow Representative shall be appointed by the President-Elect with the approval of the Council of the Congress at the Annual Executive Session. The term of office of each Councilor shall be three years. A Councilor shall not serve more than two consecutive terms.
ARTICLE V: Officers
The officers of the Congress shall consist of a President, a President-Elect, a Vice-President, a Secretary-Treasurer and a Recorder who are active Fellows of The Southwestern Surgical Congress.
The President-Elect shall be elected at the Annual Congress Business Meeting to serve for one year. At the expiration of that year, he or she shall become President and shall serve for one year or until his/her successor is elected and installed. If the President-Elect dies, resigns or becomes otherwise unable to complete the term and succeed to President, the Vice President shall assume the position and responsibilities of the President-Elect. The Congress shall elect both a Vice-President and President-Elect at the next Annual Congress Business Meeting.
All other officers shall be elected at the Annual Congress Business Meeting to serve for one year, except for the Recorder and the Secretary Treasurer who shall each be elected to serve for a term of 3 years, with a limit of no more than two terms.
ARTICLE VI: Meetings
Meetings of The Southwestern Surgical Congress shall be held and designated as follows:
(1) A Fall Council meeting at a site and date designated by the President.
(2) The Annual Council Meeting which is held immediately prior to the Annual Scientific Meeting.
(3) The Annual Scientific Meeting for presentation of the education program.
(4) The Annual Congress Business meeting during the Annual Scientific Meeting.
(5) The Council Executive Committee Meeting, held at the Annual Scientific Meeting and additionally as needed
ARTICLE VII: Rules of Conduct
The parliamentary conduct of the Congress and its component committees shall be governed by Robert’s Rules of Order (most recent edition).
ARTICLE VIII: Funds and Expenses
Funds may be raised by annual dues and voluntary contributions or in any manner approved by the Council of the Congress. Funds may be appropriated by the Council to defray the expenses of the Congress, to carry on its work and for any other purpose approved by the Council in accordance with 501c3 requirements.
ARTICLE IX: Amendments
The Congress, at any Annual Congress Business Meeting of the Fellows, may amend any Article of this Constitution by a 60% vote of the members present, provided that a copy of the proposed Amendment has been furnished for each Active and Senior Fellow at least thirty days in advance of the Annual Congress Business Meeting.
ARTICLE X: Dissolution Clause
In the event of the dissolution of this organization for any cause, the Council of the Congress shall, after satisfying claims, direct the distribution of all funds and assets of The Southwestern Surgical Congress to such scientific, educational, or charitable organizations or purposes as two-thirds of the Council approves. No part of the assets or funds shall be given to any member or other individual.
BYLAWS of the Southwestern Surgical Congress
CHAPTER 1: Member States
Section 1. The states of the Southwestern Surgical Congress (“the Congress”) shall be Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Section 2. New states shall be admitted to membership in The Southwestern Surgical Congress in the following manner: A surgeon who meets all of the qualifications for Fellowship in The Southwestern Surgical Congress as set forth subsequently in these Bylaws shall submit an application for the state he/she wishes to have included in TheSouthwestern Surgical Congress. He/she shall include with his/her application the names of surgeons who meet the qualifications and wish to become Active Fellows of the Congress. This application shall be submitted to the Council, and if approved, shall be presented to the Fellows of the Congress at the Annual Congress Business Meeting where a majority vote shall be required for inclusion as a new state.
CHAPTER 2: Fellowship
Section 1. Every reputable and legally-qualified surgeon who has attained certification by his/her appropriate specialty Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties or the American Osteopathic Association may be eligible for Fellowship.
Section 2. Every reputable and legally-qualified advanced practice clinician who is appropriately licensed and credentialed by the appropriate certifying body may be eligible for Fellowship.
Section 3. Individuals who trained outside the United States may be eligible for Fellowship if they possess the following qualifications:
a) He/she must be able to understand and write English, as evidenced by completion of the application materials.
b) He/she must have graduated from a medical school acceptable to The Southwestern Surgical Congress.
c) He/she must possess certification appropriate to the applicant’s specialty practice by the appropriate specialty Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties or the American Osteopathic Association or appropriate specialty board certification by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or documentation of the completion of a minimum of five years of formal post-doctoral surgical education acceptable to The Southwestern Surgical Congress.
d) He/she must possess a valid license to practice medicine in the state, province or country in which he/she practices.
Section 4. Fellowship shall not be denied because of race, creed, color, sex, religion, sexual preference or gender identity.
Section 5. A candidate for Fellowship shall make application in writing on a form provided by the Congress. The application shall contain all specific information deemed important and pertinent by the Congress. The requirement for an accompanying initiation fee is limited to application for Active Fellowship.
Section 6. An application for Fellowship must be approved and signed by a State Councilor. If the applicant practices within a member state of the Congress, the application must be approved and signed by the State Councilor from that state. If the applicant does not practice within a member state, then the application may be approved and signed by any State Councilor.
Section 7. Fellows who have paid their dues and now reside in states outside of the area comprising the Congress may continue as Fellows with all duties and privileges.
Section 8. The Council shall judge the qualifications of its applicants for Fellowship. If approved by the Council, each application shall be signed by the Chairman of the Membership Committee of the Congress. If disapproved, the initiation fees will be returned.
Section 9. The categories of Fellowship in this Congress shall be designated as Active Fellows, Associate Fellows, Senior Fellows, Senior Fellows for Life, Honorary Fellows, Advanced Practice Clinicians and Inactive Fellows.
a) Active Fellows
Active Fellowship may be conferred upon physicians who have been actively engaged in the practice of surgery for at least one year following the completion of an ACGME-accredited surgical training program, who are of good moral character and professional standing, duly licensed and who are certified by the appropriate specialty Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties or the American Osteopathic Association. Exceptions to these membership requirements may be recommended by a State Councilor and considered for approval by the Council of the Congress, after careful and complete review and approval by the Membership Committee.
b) Associate Fellows
Associate Fellowship may be conferred upon physicians who are at any level of an ACGME-accredited surgical training program, who are of good moral character and professional standing and are duly licensed, including a training institutional license. Associate Fellowship will be limited to the time period required for successful completion of residency, board certification and one year of practice, at which time the Associate Fellow is eligible for Active Fellowship, Active Fellow registration fees will be applicable to the Associate Fellows for the Annual Scientific Meeting. Associate Fellows will be entitled to the same privileges as Active Fellows except the privileges of voting and holding office. Associate Fellows will pay no initiation fee but will pay a reduced membership fee as set by the Council and meeting registration fees as set for Active Fellows. Associate Fellows who apply for Active Fellowship will have the initiation fee waived and pay the standard membership dues at that time.
c) Senior Fellows
Upon the recommendation of the State Councilor, the Membership Committee and subsequent approval of the Council, an Active Fellow in good standing who has attained the age of 65 years and remains in active practice may request change in status to Senior Fellow by applying to the Council. An Active Fellow in good standing who has retired from practice (regardless of reason or age) and is not using his/her professional credentials for employment shall be granted Senior Fellowship. Senior Fellows may receive the official journal upon payment of the member’s subscription fee.
d) Senior Fellows for Life:
The status of Senior Fellow for Life may be conferred by the Council upon surgeons who have retired from active practice and have held Senior Fellow membership status for at least one year. This status is intended for surgeons who wish to retire completely from the Congress but remain listed in the membership directory. Senior Fellows for Life may neither vote nor hold elected office.
e) Honorary Fellows
Honorary Fellowship may be conferred by the Council upon surgeons who have distinguished themselves by outstanding achievement. Honorary Fellowship may be conferred upon surgeons living in states outside those included in the Congress or upon surgeons living in countries other than the United States. Honorary Fellows shall pay no dues or initiation fees and may not vote or hold elective office. They may receive the journal upon payment of the subscription fee at member’s rates.
f) Advanced Practice Clinicians
Fellowship shall be offered to Nurse Practitioners, Physician’s Assistants, and Advanced Practice Nurses. Advanced Practice Clinician members will have one representative on the Council who is appointed by the President for a one year term and will have full voting privileges in matters of the Council. Advanced Practice Clinician members will not have general voting privileges and are excluded from holding office, but will receive the journal and other benefits of membership once annual dues have been paid.
g) Inactive Fellowship
Inactive Fellowship may be granted by the Council upon request from an Active Fellow who is serving military duty, engaged in full time post-graduate training, actively engaged in missionary service outside of the United States or has another valid reason as accepted by the Council. Inactive Fellows may not vote or holdelective office. Inactive Fellows are not required to pay membership dues. While serving on active duty in the United States armed forces, Inactive Fellows will continue to receive the journal without a fee or interruption. Other Inactive Fellows may receive the journal upon payment of themembers’ subscription fee. Inactive Fellows must inform the Congress annually concerning their current status. Upon conclusion of the pursuit leading to Inactive Fellowship, the member may resume his/her previous status of Active Fellow.
Section 10. Fellows shall be certified by the Congress and their certificates shall be signed by the President and the Secretary-Treasurer of the Congress.
Section 11. The privilege of holding any elected office and voting in the Congress shall be restricted to Active Fellows and Senior Fellows in good standing. Associate Fellows, Senior Fellows for Life, Honorary Fellows and Inactive Fellow shall not vote or hold office.
Section 12. Fellows are expected to maintain professional conduct at all times. This is especially relevant when representing the Congress to outside parties and during the Annual Scientific Meeting.
Section 13. Any Fellow who is censured by or suspended from his/her local or state medical society or the American College of Surgeons, or who otherwise may be disqualified from Fellowship in this Congress for any good or sufficient cause may have his/her Fellowship in the Congress terminated. Request for removal of a Fellow, with cause, may be brought to the Council by any Fellow in good standing. A simple majority of Council members’ vote is required to terminate Fellowship. This vote may be appealed in writing by the Fellow within one month of being informed of the decision. A second vote will then be obtained from the Executive Committee, after reviewing any additional information brought forward by the Fellow in question. A final determination on fellowship will be made by a majority vote of the Executive Committee.
CHAPTER 3: Meetings
Section 1. The Congress shall hold an Annual Scientific Meeting. The time, place, and length of the meeting shall be determined by the Council. Appropriate registration fees for the Annual Scientific Meeting shall be determined by the Council.
Section 2. Each individual attending the Annual Scientific Meeting shall register and secure a badge from the Secretary-Treasurer or designated representative. This badge is required for admittance to the educational program and all other events at the meeting.
Section 3. During the Annual Scientific Meeting there shall be an Annual Council Meeting, an Executive Committee Meeting and an Annual Congress Business Meeting in order to elect officers and to conduct other business. The time and place of the Business Meeting shall be announced to the membership in the Program.
Section 4. Distinguished individuals who are not Fellows of the Congress may be invited by the Program Committee, with approval of the Executive Committee, to any Annual Scientific Meeting for the purpose of participating in the educational program.
Section 5. The abstract form for works to be presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting shall be completed and submitted to the Program Committee prior to their deadline in order to be considered for the Program. Such papers shall become the property of the Congress, subject to the approval of both the Publication Committee and the editorial staff of the contracted journal. The papers may be published in the journal serving as the official organ of the Congress.
Section 6. Papers and other works presented to the Congress must not have been published or presented at a major regional or national scientific meeting prior to presentation at the Annual Scientific Meeting, except by prior arrangement with the Program Committee. Failure to comply with this stipulation may result in a 2 year ban on the sponsoring/ senior author and/or the submitting author, on presenting work at the Annual Scientific Meeting, as determined by the Program Committee and with approval of the Executive Committee.
CHAPTER 4: Election ofOfficers
Section 1. At the Annual Congress Business Meeting, the President-Elect and the Vice-President for the forthcoming year shall be elected.
Section 2. The Treasurer shall be elected every third year, with the option for re-election. If he/she is unable to complete his/her term of office, the Executive Committee may appoint a Treasurer to serve on an interim basis until the next Annual Meeting, at which time his/her successor shall be elected for a three-year term.
The successor to the Treasurer shall be elected at the Annual Meeting one year in advance of his/her assumption of duties to serve as an understudy to the outgoing Treasurer. He/she shall attend all meetings of the Council and the Executive Committee without a vote.
Section 3. The Recorder shall be elected every third year, with the option for re-election. If he/she is unable to complete his/her term of office, the Executive Committee may appoint a Recorder to serve on an interim basis until the next Annual Meeting, at which time his/her successor shall be elected for a three-year term.
The successor to the Recorder shall be elected at the Annual Meeting one year in advance of his/her assumption of duties to serve as an understudy to the outgoing Recorder. He/she shall attend all meetings of the Council and the Executive Committee without a vote.
Section 4. The report of the Nominating Committee shall be presented at the Annual Congress Business Meeting of the Congress. Additional nominations may be made from the floor.
Section 5. Elections shall be held by ballot, voice vote, or standing vote, as decided by the presiding officer. A majority vote of members present shall be necessary for election. In the event no one candidate receives a majority of the votes cast, the one receiving the smallest number of votes shall be dropped, the vote retaken, and the balloting shall proceed in this manner until a candidate receives a majority of the votes cast.
CHAPTER 5: Duties of Officers
Section 1. President
a) The President shall preside at Council Meetings and at the Annual Congress Business Meeting, and shall perform such duties as custom and parliamentary usage may require. During the Annual Scientific Meeting, he or she shall deliver an address on such matters as he/she shall deem of importance to the Fellows of the Congress. He/she shall be Chairman of the Executive Committee, an ex-officio member of all other Committees, and may preside over scientific sessions.
b) He/she shall appoint special committees, as the need for such committees arises.
c) At the Annual Congress Business Meeting during the Annual Scientific Meeting, the President assumes his/her duties as President; he/she shall announce the following appointments:
(1) Chairman of the Standing Committees, as needed.
(2) New members to the Standing Committees, as needed.
(3) Regular or acting Councilors as heretofore provided.
d) The President may, at his/her discretion, call a meeting of the Council or any Committee for consideration of such business as may properly be brought before it.
e) If a member of the Council is unable to complete his/her term of office, the President shall appoint a successor.
f) The President may, by and with the advice and consent of the Council, relieve any member of any Committee of his/her duties.
g) When a member appointed to serve on any Committee is unable to complete his/her term of duty, the President shall appoint a successor to complete the term.
h) In the event any member of the Council is unable to attend any Council meeting, the President may appoint an alternate to serve for that meeting.
i) On the President’s death, disability, resignation, or removal, the President-Elect shall succeed to the Presidency
Section 2. President-Elect
a) The President-Elect shall serve as a member of the Council and of its Executive Committee.
b) The President-Elect assists the President in the performance of his/her duties, and shall preside in his/her absence or at his/her request.
Section 3. Vice-President
a) The Vice-President shall serve as a member of the Council and the Executive Committee.
b) If the Vice-President is unable to complete his/her term, the President shall appoint his/her successor to serve until the next election.
Section 4. Treasurer
a) The Treasurer shall be a member of the Council and a member of the Executive Committee. He/she is an ex-officio member of all committees except when designated as a regular member of a specific committee.
b) Duties of the Treasurer are as follows: Under the direction of the Council, he/she shall supervise the financial affairs of the Congress. He/she shall advise the Business Manager concerning billings and collections and management of all funds received by the Congress. Financial records and bank accounts shall be under the direction of the Business Manager, who shall compile an annual report. The Business Manager will provide the Secretary-Treasurer with the annual report for presentation to the membership at the Annual Congress Business Meeting. With the approval of the Council, he/she may delegate to the Business Manager such duties as he/she deems appropriate.
Section 5. Recorder
a) The Recorder shall be a member of Council, the Executive Committee, Chairman of the Publication Committee, an ex-officio member of the Program Committee and function as the liaison officer between the Congress and the journal of the Congress.
b) The duties of the Recorder will consist of determining, in conjunction with the Chair of the Program Committee, the maximum number of scientific papers presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting that are to be submitted for publication in the journal of the Congress. He/she is responsible for collecting and editing the manuscripts and discussions at the Annual Scientific Meeting for publication in the journal. In addition, he/she will give a report at both the Council and Annual Congress Business meetings regarding the activities of his/her office and of the Publication Committee. He/she shall ensure that minutes are recorded of Council meetings, Executive Committee meetings, and Annual Congress Business Meeting. He/she shall supervise the maintenance of files and records of the Congress.
CHAPTER 6. Governance
Section 1: The Council
a) The Council is the governing body of The Southwestern Surgical Congress. It shall authorize the purchase of property, stocks, bonds, and securities, make loans, and authorize and supervise the expenditures of the funds of the Congress. The Council is responsible for appointing and removing Fellows of the Congress, and addressing all issues and inquiries pertaining to the Congress raised by Fellows or outside parties.
b) The Council shall meet as prescribed in Article VI of the Constitution, and as often thereafter as may be necessary. It shall be subject to called meetings as prescribed in Chapter 5, Section 1d) of these Bylaws or on petition of five members of the Council.
c) The President of the Congress shall preside at all meetings of the Council. In his/her absence, the President Elect shall preside. In the absence of the President and President Elect, the Vice-President shall preside. In the event of the absence of the President and President-Elect and Vice-President, the Council shall elect a temporary presiding officer.
d) The Council is comprised of State Councilors, the Executive Committee, Chairs of Standing Committees, as well as the Congress’ representatives to the American Board of Surgery and the American College of Surgeons’ Board of Governors and Advisory Council for Surgery.
e) Seven members of the Council shall constitute a quorum.
Section 2. Executive Committee
a) The Executive Committee shall consist of the President, President-Elect, Vice-President, Treasurer, Recorder, two at-large State Councilors and the two most recent living Past-Presidents.
b) The Executive Committee shall study the long-term goals of the Congress and formulate recommendations for future operations. This Committee shall represent the Council whenever a full meeting of the Council would not be possible, to consider and act upon such matters as would come before the Council, and report its findings and conclusions to the Council.
c) The Chair of the Executive Committee shall be the President or the President-Elect in the President’s absence, or any member elected by a majority vote of the members present.
d) The Executive Committee may be called to meet by request of the President or upon written request of three of its members.
Section 3: Business Manager
a) The Council shall contract with a business manager.
b) The Business Manager may be a member of an association management firm.
c) The Business Manager shall be responsible for the operational management of the affairs of the Congress under the direction of the Executive Committee.
d) As primary custodian of the Congress’ funds the Business Manager shall be bonded in an amount sufficient to safeguard the financial assets of the Congress.
CHAPTER 7: Standing Committees
a) The Standing Committees shall each consist of at least three members. Unless otherwise delineated in these Bylaws, one member of each Standing Committee shall be appointed or reappointed by the President at the beginning of his/her term of office at the Annual Congress Business Meeting to serve a three-year term. The Chairman of each Committee shall be designated by the President for the duration of the President’s term. At least one former member shall remain on each Committee each year to provide continuity of purpose. Membership on a Standing Committee shall be limited to two consecutive 3-year terms.
b) An annual report shall be submitted in writing by each Standing Committee to the Council and shall become a part of the minutes of that Council Meeting. A summary of the Committee reports shall be presented by the Chair of that Committee at the Annual Congress Business Meeting.
Section 1. Budget and Finance Committee This Committee will review the financial transactions of the Congress and suggest any indicated changes to the Council. It will advise the Treasurer about financial transactions and investments and will recommend adjustments to the amount of the annual membership dues and initiation fees as appropriate.
Section 2. Constitution and Bylaws Committee It shall be the duty of this Committee to annually review the Constitution and Bylaws and to recommend amendments or revisions as indicated.
Section 3. Development Committee It shall be the duty of this Committee to seek, identify and secure acceptable sources of funding for the Congress and its Annual Scientific Meeting other than fellowship dues and meeting registration fees.
Section 4. Graduate Medical Education Committee It shall be the duty of the Graduate Medical Education Committee to encourage the participation of surgical residents as well as residency and fellowship program directors in the activities of the Congress.
Section 6. Membership Committee
a) It shall be the duty of the Membership Committee to solicit applications for Fellowship in the Congress from qualified surgeons in member states of the Congress.
b) It shall be the responsibility of the Committee to evaluate each application for Fellowship to ensure that the surgeon fulfills the requirements for Fellowship as defined in these Bylaws. The committee will make its recommendation regarding Fellowship for each applicant to the Council.
Section 7. Nominating Committee
a) The Nominating Committee shall nominate candidates for President-Elect, and Vice-President and such other officers as are required.
b) The Nominating Committee shall report to the Council at the Annual Council Meeting immediately prior to the Annual Congress Business Meeting. Additional nominations may be made from the floor by Active or Senior Fellows during the Annual Congress Business Meeting.
c) The Nominating Committee shall also nominate members to serve in the various Southwestern Surgical Congress representative positions in national organizations.
d) The Nominating Committee shall consist of the two living immediate Past-Presidents and two members of the Council appointed by the President.
e) The most recent living Past-President shall serve as Chair.
Section 8. Program Committee
a) The duty of the Program Committee is to select and arrange the educational program for the Annual Scientific Meeting.
b) The Program Committee shall consist of the President, Recorder and six appointed members, the immediate Past-Chair and a Continuing Medical Education (CME) Coordinator.
c) The newly elected Vice-President shall appoint two individuals to serve a three-year term.
d) The President shall appoint one member of the Program Committee to serve as Chair during the term of the President.
e) The President shall designate a CME Coordinator to ensure that CME credit is obtained for the Annual Scientific Meeting and that individual shall serve as a member of the Program Committee.
Section 9. Publication Committee
a) This Committee shall review all manuscripts presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting, and select those of highest quality or greatest interest to be forwarded to the official journal for publication. Final selection of papers to be published will be determined by the journal.
b) Any scientific surveys or research projects officially sanctioned by or sponsored by the Congress shall be initiated or approved by this Committee.
c) The Publication Committee shall consist of the Chair and nine appointed members.
d) Three members shall be appointed for three year terms each by the President at the beginning of his/her term.
e) The Recorder shall serve as Chair of this Committee.
Section 10. The Lowry Fund and the Lowry Fund Governing Committee.
a) The Lowry Fund is a separate, named account within the SWSC organization which was formed as a 501c3 Foundation. Charitable contributions will be tax-deductible and deposited directly into this account.
b) The Lowry Fund Governing Committee is comprised of 2 co-Chairs who are appointed by the President upon recommendation of the nominating committee, to serve a 6 year term with option for re-appointment. The co-chairs will report to the Executive Committee and the Council at the Fall Council meeting and at the Annual Council Meeting. The immediate Past-President, President and President-Elect will also serve on the Governing Committee in an advisory role.
d) The purpose of the committee is to define the composition of awards and initiatives distributed from the Fund. The funds distributed should be for education and research that promote the Congress and its membership. New initiatives and awards may be submitted to the Lowry Fund Governing Committee for consideration via the Executive Committee.
CHAPTER 8: Annual Membership Dues
Section 1. Annual membership dues shall be determined by the Council with input from the Budget and Finance Committee.
Section 2. Any Fellowwhose dues remain unpaid for a period of two years shall have his/her membership discontinued. He/she shall be notified at least two months prior to this action. He/she may be reinstated upon payment of both the current and delinquent dues.
Section 3. Membership dues for each year shall be payable in advance, shall become due on December 31 of the preceding year, and shall become delinquent on January 1 of the year in which they apply.
Section 4. Newly elected Fellows of the Congress shall pay an initiation fee approved by the membership, based upon the recommendations of the Budget and Finance Committee and approved by the Council.
CHAPTER 9: Amendments
These Bylaws may be amended at the Annual Congress Business Meeting by a 60% approval vote of the members present. A copy of proposed amendments shall be provided for the voting members at least thirty (30) calendar days in advance. Alternately a vote may be conducted by email of all members after the 30 day review period; 60% approval of responding members will be required.
(Adopted 1949, as amended through April 2016)
These amendments approved